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Agriculture’s contribution to Nigeria’s GDP has been on a downward trend since 2020
On average, the agricultural sector contributed 24.87% to Nigeria's GDP over the past decade. However, the sector's contribution has been declining since 2020, dropping from 26.21% to 25.18% in 2023. The sector’s contribution grew between 2014 and 2020, rising from 22.9% to 26.21%. The sector has been plagued with challenges over the past decade, with a couple of them becoming more intense in the past few years

Nigeria's railway cargo transport is gaining momentum, with revenue growing 3,114% in 12 quarters
Nigeria's railway goods/cargo transport is experiencing a boost, with goods transported increasing from 9.1k tonnes in Q1 2021 to 160.7k tonnes in Q1 2024, representing 1,671% growth. Revenue has surged by 3,114% from ₦19m to ₦607m in the same period. Revenue has increased in eight consecutive quarters since Q2 2022.

Nigeria's cocoa production peaked in 2006 and has since faced fluctuations and declines
Nigeria's cocoa production has seen significant fluctuations between 1990 and 2022. While there have been periods of growth, such as the increase from 244k tonnes in 1990 to 485k tonnes in 2006, there have also been notable declines. Production hit a low of 203k tonnes in 1995 and faced other dips. Here is the quantity of cocoa produced in Nigeria since 1990.

Since 2000, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Indonesia, Nigeria, Cameroon, and Brazil have produced 85% of the world's cocoa beans
Cocoa beans are a vital commodity for many countries, driving their economies and supporting livelihoods. Over the years, cocoa production has seen significant fluctuations across different countries. The world's cocoa-producing countries produced 104.2 million tonnes of cocoa beans between 2000 and 2022, enough to fill about 2.084 billion 50kg bags. Côte d'Ivoire maintains its dominance, accounting for 35.3% of global production in the 23 years under review, with Ghana (16.5%), Indonesia (15.4%), and Nigeria (7.7%) completing the top four. These are the top ten countries in the period.

Nigeria's stock market dominates foreign investments inflow with $48 billion in shares over ten years
Nigeria's economy attracted $114 billion in the past decade from foreign investors. They invested $48 billion in shares, making up 42% of total capital imports. The Banking and Finance sectors followed with $21.6 billion and $15.7 billion, respectively, accounting for a combined 33%. Manufacturing, Telecommunications, and Servicing sectors collectively attracted $19.2 billion. Businesses related to Trading, Agriculture, and Oil and Gas each received 2%. This distribution underscores investors' confidence in Nigeria's financial services sector over others.

Surge in Nigeria’s capital importation: Portfolio investments lead the way with 570% increase in Q1 2024
Nigeria's foreign portfolio investment surged by 570% in Q1 2024, hitting $2.1 billion and making up 61% of total capital imports. This boost ends a 15-quarter slump, surpassing Q4 2019‘s levels. Overall capital imports for Q1 2024 reached $3.4 billion, with $119.2 million from foreign direct investments and $1.2 billion from other investments.

As of June 26, 2024, 95 countries owed the IMF $111.6 billion
Argentina, Egypt, and Ukraine were the IMF’s top three debtors as of June 26, 2024, accounting for $51 billion (46%) of the total debt. Egypt, Angola, and Kenya occupy the top three spots in Africa on the IMF’s debtors’ list. As of December 2023, Kenya's public debt stood at Ksh11.14 trillion (approximately $76.8 billion). By June 2024, its debt to the IMF had increased by 245% from $744 million in August 2020. This increase has coincided with protests in Kenya, where citizens opposed a proposed finance bill aiming to raise additional taxes to reduce the budget deficit and state borrowing.

Foreign companies contributed almost 50% of Nigeria’s company income tax payments in 2023
Over the years, local companies have contributed more than foreign companies to Nigeria’s total company income tax revenue. In 2023, local CIT payments accounted for 51% of the total, with foreign payments at 49%. Local CIT payments saw the highest share in 2021 (65%), while foreign CIT's highest was in 2015 at 52%.

Nigeria’s finance and insurance sector paid 119.6% more tax to the government in 2023
In 2023, businesses in Nigeria's finance and insurance sector paid ₦458.8 billion as taxes to the government, 119.6% more than in 2022. Those in the manufacturing sector also increased their payments and remain the top tax-paying sector in the country. Here are the top five sectors where businesses paid the most tax in 2023.

Nigeria: Cost of cooking gas increases by 55%, but remains the cheapest on average in the northern regions
The cost of cooking gas nationwide increased from an average of ₦10.3k in March 2023 to nearly ₦16k in March 2024. However, the northern regions had the most affordable prices. The North East had the lowest average price of ₦14.9k for a 12.5kg cylinder. In Katsina, the average price for 12.5kg of cooking gas was ₦12,400 as of March 2024, the lowest in the country.

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